Types of allergies in children
Does your child suffer from frequent allergy symptoms every year and you don’t know the reasons? Read this article to know the types of allergies in children.
Allergies are one of the most common diseases, especially in children. What are the types of allergies in children?
Types of allergies in children
Allergies occur as a result of an abnormal allergic reaction of the immune system when foreign harmful substances, which are the allergens, such as: certain foods, dust, or medicines enter.
It may be seasonal or year-round allergies, and there may be types of allergies that remain for life.
The types of allergies in children vary according to the type of allergen, and the types of allergies are explained as follows:
1. Food allergy
The effect of food allergy on the digestive system is the result of the body’s reaction to a specific type of food that the child has previously eaten.
When taken for the second time, an allergic reaction occurs, as IgE antibodies react and the immune system releases a substance called histamine.
The problem of a food allergy is also different from a food intolerance; There is no reaction or response from the immune system in the event of a food intolerance; However, the symptoms may be similar.
Among the foods that cause allergies are:
Some people may suffer from permanent allergies, as they may cause severe allergies, including the following foods:
2. Dust allergy
The outdoors carries many dust mites that are found in abundance on furniture and furnishings, and on seasonal plant pollen, as pollen causes allergic rhinitis (hay fever).
Pollen allergy is one of the most common types of allergies in children.
Mold may also cause allergic reactions in some people, and the effect of dust allergy is greater on the respiratory system, as it may cause nasal congestion and other problems.
3. Medication allergy
True drug allergy occurs in a small number of people.
Drug allergy caused by some antibiotics is the most common.
And the effect of drug allergy on the skin; A skin test is done for drug sensitivity.
4. Allergy to animals and insects
The fur, saliva and droppings of pets cause allergic reactions in children, through a protein that spreads in the air or on contact.
Some children may suffer from an allergy to the poison of stinging insects, such as: ants, wasps, and bees, the insect sting causes serious symptoms for them.
Also, house cockroaches may cause year-round asthma in children.
5. Chemical sensitivity
There may be an allergic reaction in some children to certain substances found in washing powders, detergents, some skin care products, and insecticides.
Symptoms of allergy in children
There is a set of symptoms resulting from the types of allergies in children, as the severity of these symptoms and the time of their appearance vary from child to child.
Some children may have a sudden or severe allergic reaction, which can be life-threatening.
Symptoms of airborne allergies include:
sneezing and coughing;
Itchy nose or throat.
Itchy or red eyes, this condition is called conjunctivitis.
Symptoms of food, drug or insect allergy include:
shortness of breath.
Itching and swelling in the eye.
Cough and hoarseness.
Loss of consciousness and balance due to low blood pressure.
It should also be noted that the effect of allergy may be on an entire organ or system, or it may be on all parts of the body.
Diagnosis of types of allergies in children
It may be easy to diagnose some types of allergies, and the doctor may have difficulty determining the type of allergy because the symptoms are similar.
Seasonal allergies can be diagnosed by noticing that a child has a cold and sneezes at the same time each year.
Doctors rely on skin testing to detect some of the most prevalent environmental and food allergens, and a blood test can be performed to detect other types.
Treating allergies in children
There is no specific treatment for allergies, but it can be controlled through the following:
Adhere to the medications, antihistamines, nasal sprays and eye drops that the doctor dispenses to relieve some symptoms.