chest sensitivity in adults

Chest allergy in adults

An overview of the treatment of chest allergies in adults

In general, the treatment plan should include initially knowing and identifying the irritants that can affect the patient, and trying to avoid them as much as possible, and the patient should monitor himself on a daily basis, in order to know the extent of his response to drug treatments that keep symptoms under control, where these procedures are considered In addition to adhering to the recommended treatment, one of the most important things that may help to stop the attacks of chest allergies before they start.[1]

In fact, the patient often needs higher doses of medications that contribute to controlling the condition when the individual is diagnosed with chest allergy for the first time, and the goal is to control the symptoms that the patient suffers from, especially during sleep, in addition to helping him carry out daily activities, and also to prevent The occurrence of serious attacks that may require hospitalization, and in general, the severity of chest sensitivity can vary over time, depending on the circumstances and condition of each patient, which may require adjustments to the treatment plan, as the effectiveness of the drug dose prescribed for the patient is verified; In the event that the allergic attacks of the chest are not controlled with this dose, the doctor may move the treatment to a higher dose or add another type of medication, and this procedure is known as escalation (in English: Stepped up), but if the symptoms are under control, the doctor may reduce the treatment by reducing the number of Medications or the dose to the lowest number and doses possible to maintain good control of the person’s asthma condition, and this procedure is known as “stepped down”, and this approach is called the term “stepwise” approach, bearing in mind that the That this is done under the supervision of the doctor and according to his recommendations and not on the personal diligence of the patient.[2]

The goal of treating chest allergies

Certain recommendations are followed in controlling attacks of chest allergy, chest allergy, or asthma (in English: Asthma) developed by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, known as AAAAI, in cooperation With the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI), the treatment goals for asthma include achieving the following: [3]

Reducing recurrent allergic episodes.

Helping the patient to practice his daily activities normally, by reducing the appearance of chronic symptoms; Which includes coughing and feeling short of breath after exercising or during the night, and controlling symptoms plays a role in encouraging the patient to participate in all daily activities, such as: going to school, work, and exercising.

Reducing the possibility of symptoms developing at night, thus helping the patient to sleep continuously.

Describe the best effective medicines that have the least side effects.

Maintain lung function as efficiently as possible.

Attempting to fulfill the wishes and expectations of the patient or his family regarding obtaining the best health care. Effective treatment of chest allergies includes activating the partnership between the patient, his family and the doctor.

According to the US National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (in English: The U.S. National Asthma Education and Prevention Program), it can be said that the symptoms of chest allergies have been controlled in the following cases: [4]

Reducing the incidence of chest allergy symptoms to two days a week or less.

Decreased rate of need to use a quick-relief inhaler to two days per week or less.

The patient does not suffer from asthma symptoms during the night and sleep problems caused by this condition.

The patient’s ability to carry out all daily activities normally, such as: going to work or school, and exercising.

The patient achieves a reading on the peak flow meter that is close to his or her best reading.

Treatment of chest allergies in adults with medicines

Choosing the most appropriate treatment for chest allergies often depends on several factors; Including: the age of the patient, the symptoms that appear on him, his asthma triggers, and choosing the best effective treatment to control the symptoms of chest allergies,[5] and patients may need to use many treatments that may help keep the air passages open and reduce their swelling, and thus become a process Breathing is easier, and in this context, the patient should take the drug treatment as recommended in order to achieve the desired goals of treatment, and it is worth noting that most chest allergy medications are available in the form of a spray and sometimes may be in the form of pills,[6] and there are two basic types from nebulizers; They are: Quick-relief inhalers, where these drugs contribute to quickly opening narrowed airways, and are used when needed, and the other type is nebulizers that control the occurrence of seizures (in English: Controllers), also known as prevention sprays ( English: Preventers, which reduce inflammation in the airways, and these sprays are the cornerstone of asthma treatment and are taken on a daily basis, and it is worth not to stop using them once symptoms disappear and feeling better, inflammation may reappear again, and it should be noted that there Some patients may need allergy medications in addition to the sprays,[7][5] It is worth noting that allergy chest sprays are available in different forms; The most prominent of them can be stated as follows: [8]

Meter . Metered Dose Inhalers

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